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HIV vs AIDS: Difference Between AIDS and HIV

GRDAJ Dec.01.2022:

People often confuse HIV and AIDS though both of them go hand-in-hand they have different diagnoses.


HIV is a virus that can lead to a condition called AIDS, also known as stage 3 HIV.


When the research and development hadn't advanced yet the diagnosis of HIV or AIDS was considered a death sentence but now the tables are turned with new treatments. Now people with HIV can live long and productive lives regardless of their stage.


An HIV-positive person who adheres to regular antiretroviral treatment can expect to live a near-normal life span.


Key differences between the two:


1. HIV is a virus


•Your immune system can detonate if you have HIV which is a virus.

•HIV stands for H-human I-immunodeficiency V-virus.

•As described in the name only humans can contract it.

•The immune system is unable to work as efficiently as this virus severely attacks it.


Even though our immune systems can ultimately vindicate many viruses in our bodies, with HIV the case is different.


But modern medications can regulate HIV very successfully by interrupting its viral life cycle and infection.


2. AIDS is a condition


•AIDS which is a condition instead of a virus like HIV is short for A- acquired I-Immuno D-deficiency S- syndrome.

•Contracting the virus HIV can result in the development of AIDS or stage 3 HIV.

•This develops when HIV has inflicted serious damage upon the immune system.

•This complex condition has symptoms that vary from person to person.

•Symptoms like tuberculosis, pneumonia and others can happen since the person may have a damaged immune system that can'tfight the virus. They are known as opportunistic infections.

•A person can also get certain types of cancer as a result of a less effective immune system.

•Thankfully the antiretroviral therapy can prevent stage 3 HIV from developing.


HIV : from person to person


•Because HIV is a virus, it can be transmitted between people through bodily fluids if the person has sex without condoms or shares needles, etc. Or through a mother to a child during pregnancy.

•While AIDS, on the other hand, is a condition a person acquires only after they've contracted HIV which later on develops.


Symptoms